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Alternative development in excluded communities Sociologist Manuel Castells uses the concept of the Fourth World on small and large societies...



Alternative development in excluded communities

Sociologist Manuel Castells uses the concept of the Fourth World on small and large societies around the world – from neighborhoods to groups of countries – that have fallen into the backwaters of capitalism and fail to integrate in “the first world’s” wealth-creating value chains.

In these communities, the population is turning to what Castells calls “the perverse integration” – access to sought-after products and services in criminal activities.

The societies of the “fourth world” have great similarities, whether they are in industrialized or developing countries. In both cases, they need so-called “alternative development” to succeed in breaking out of the vicious circle of crime  that makes it increasingly difficult to achieve healthy social and economic development.

The Albalab network is run by the Norwegian NGO Stiftelsen Golden Colombia. See below for speeches we have held and chronicles we have written that deal with alternative development in general and the measures in the Albalab network in particular.



Golden Colombia’s interventions on its alternative development projects for the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs in 2017 and 2018.

 

Alternative development in urban contexts (17 Oct 2017)

 

Leveraging technology to stimulate entrepreneurship in the Colombian countryside (24 Oct 2018)




A selection of Golden Colombia’s articles in the Norwegian media on exclusion, gang crime and alternative development: